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MASHAHIR GASHT IRAN TRAVEL-TOUR AGENCY #IRAN ABOUT IRAN COUNTRY

Iran in berief

Iran destination

Iran in briefDestination Iran

Islamic republic of Iran located between the Caspian Sea in the north and the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman in the south. Conventionally, it is the easternmost country in the Middle East.

The land was formerly known as Persia. Iran is bordered by Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and Turkmenistan.

Iran in briefDestination Iran

IRAN country also shares maritime borders with Kazakhstan and Russia (in the Caspian Sea), Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.
With an area of 1,648,195 km², Iran is almost three times the size of France or slightly smaller than Alaska.

Most of the country is situated on the Iranian Plateau (a geological formation in Western and Central Asia), except for the coastal regions at the Caspian Sea and the Khuzestan Province in the southwest at the Persian Gulf. The Zagros Mountains in the west form the largest mountain range in Iran, Iraq, and southeastern Turkey. In Iran’s north towers the Elburz or Alborz mountain range that stretches from the border of Azerbaijan along the western and entire southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Mount Damavand, at 5,610 m (18,410 ft), is Iran’s highest mountain located in the Elburz mountain range.

Iran has a population of 83 million people (in 2020). The country’s largest city is Tehran, which is the capital and the political and economic center of the republic.
Other major cities are Mashhad, Isfahan, Karaj, Tabriz, Shiraz, Ahvaz, and Qom.
Spoken languages are Persian (Farsi, official), Kurdish, Azeri, Arabic, Baluchi. The official religion is Shia Islam.
The population of Iran is concentrated in the north, northwest, and west. The vast arid areas in the center and east of the country, around the Dasht-e Kavir, the Great Salt Desert, and the stony deserts and dune fields of Dasht-e Lut have a much lower population density.

Iran Population

86,641,739

population of the Islamic Republic of Iran

  • The current population of the Islamic Republic of Iran is 86,559,049 as of Wednesday, November 23, 2022, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data.
  • Iran 2020 population is estimated at 83,992,949 people at mid year according to UN data.
  • Iran population is equivalent to 1.08% of the total world population.
  • Iran ranks number 18 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Iran is 52 per Km2 (134 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 1,628,550 Km2 (628,786 sq. miles)
  • 75.5 % of the population is urban (63,420,504 people in 2020)
  • The median age in Iran is 32.0 years.

Population of Iran (2020 and historical)

Year Population Yearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net) Median Age Fertility Rate Density (P/Km²) Urban
Pop %
Urban Population Country’s Share of
World Pop
World Population Iran
Global Rank
2020 83,992,949 1.30 % 1,079,043 -55,000 32.0 2.15 52 75.5 % 63,420,504 1.08 % 7,794,798,739 18
2019 82,913,906 1.36 % 1,113,718 -55,000 30.1 1.96 51 75.3 % 62,439,455 1.07 % 7,713,468,100 19
2018 81,800,188 1.40 % 1,126,305 -55,000 30.1 1.96 50 75.1 % 61,425,055 1.07 % 7,631,091,040 19
2017 80,673,883 1.39 % 1,109,894 -55,000 30.1 1.96 50 74.8 % 60,380,188 1.07 % 7,547,858,925 19
2016 79,563,989 1.37 % 1,071,774 -55,000 30.1 1.96 49 74.5 % 59,308,845 1.07 % 7,464,022,049 18
2015 78,492,215 1.25 % 945,939 -100,469 29.7 1.91 48 74.2 % 58,217,032 1.06 % 7,379,797,139 18
2010 73,762,519 1.12 % 800,034 -115,380 27.0 1.82 45 71.4 % 52,664,138 1.06 % 6,956,823,603 17
2005 69,762,347 1.23 % 827,788 -9,689 24.1 1.92 43 68.2 % 47,575,374 1.07 % 6,541,907,027 17
2000 65,623,405 1.33 % 836,148 -43,670 21.2 2.40 40 64.5 % 42,352,090 1.07 % 6,143,493,823 17
1995 61,442,664 1.74 % 1,015,289 -179,685 18.6 3.70 38 59.4 % 36,488,609 1.07 % 5,744,212,979 16
1990 56,366,217 3.55 % 1,803,806 299,446 17.2 5.62 35 56.2 % 31,672,465 1.06 % 5,327,231,061 19
1985 47,347,186 4.14 % 1,739,388 401,534 17.2 6.53 29 53.4 % 25,278,712 0.97 % 4,870,921,740 22
1980 38,650,246 3.38 % 1,184,095 80,664 18.0 6.28 24 49.7 % 19,215,536 0.87 % 4,458,003,514 22
1975 32,729,772 2.80 % 843,181 15,527 18.1 6.24 20 45.7 % 14,973,153 0.80 % 4,079,480,606 25
1970 28,513,866 2.70 % 711,799 10,351 17.7 6.68 18 41.2 % 11,751,335 0.77 % 3,700,437,046 25
1965 24,954,873 2.64 % 609,592 -1,568 18.0 6.91 15 37.1 % 9,250,486 0.75 % 3,339,583,597 27
1960 21,906,914 2.57 % 522,557 -389 19.6 6.91 13 33.7 % 7,390,258 0.72 % 3,034,949,748 26
1955 19,294,127 2.42 % 434,972 -218 20.9 6.91 12 30.6 % 5,895,032 0.70 % 2,773,019,936 27
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)

IRAN Islamic Republic of Iran

Provinces:  thirty-one provinces

The population of the provinces of Iran according to census results and latest official projections.

Name Abbr. Native Capital Area
A-L (km²)
Population
Census (C)
1996-10-25
Population
Census (C)
2006-10-25
Population
Census (C)
2011-10-24
Population
Census (C)
2016-09-24
Population
Projection (P)
2020-09-21
Iran IRN ایران Tehrān 1,628,771 60,055,488 70,495,782 75,149,669 79,926,270 84,038,000
Alborz ALB البرز‎ Karaj 5,122 Tehrān 2,076,991 2,412,513 2,712,400 2,913,000
Ardabīl ARD اردبیل Ardabīl 17,800 1,168,011 1,228,155 1,248,488 1,270,420 1,306,000
Āzārbāyjān-e Gharbī [West Azerbaijan] AZG آذربایجان غربی Orūmīyeh 37,411 2,496,320 2,873,459 3,080,576 3,265,219 3,439,000
Āzārbāyjān-e Sharqī [East Azerbaijan] AZS آذربایجان شرقی Tabrīz 45,651 3,325,540 3,603,456 3,724,620 3,909,652 4,051,000
Būshehr BUS بوشهر Būshehr 22,743 743,675 886,267 1,032,949 1,163,400 1,251,000
Chahārmahāl va Bakhtīārī CMB چهارمحال و بختیاری Shahr-e Kord 16,328 761,168 857,910 895,263 947,763 988,000
Eṣfahān [Isfahan] ESF اصفهان Eṣfahān 107,018 3,923,255 4,559,256 4,879,312 5,120,850 5,343,000
Fārs FAR فارس Shīrāz 122,608 3,817,036 4,336,878 4,596,658 4,851,274 5,051,000
Gīlān GIL گیلان Rasht 14,042 2,241,896 2,404,861 2,480,874 2,530,696 2,571,000
Golestān (Gorgān) GOL گلستان Gorgān 20,367 1,426,288 1,617,087 1,777,014 1,868,819 1,975,000
Hamadān HAM همدان Hamadān 19,368 1,677,957 1,703,267 1,758,268 1,738,234 1,779,000
Hormozgān HOR هرمزگان Bandar-e ‘Abās 70,697 1,062,155 1,403,674 1,578,183 1,776,415 1,942,000
Īlām ILA ایلام Īlām 20,133 487,886 545,787 557,599 580,158 602,000
Kermān KER کرمان Kermān 180,726 2,004,328 2,652,413 2,938,988 3,164,718 3,341,000
Kermānshāh (Bākhtarān) KMS کرمانشاه Kermānshāh 25,009 1,778,596 1,879,385 1,945,227 1,952,434 1,999,000
Khorāsān-e Junoubi [South Khorasan] KHJ خراسان جنوبی Bīrjand 151,193 595,113 702,852 732,192 768,898 822,000
Khorāsān-e Razavi [Razavi Khorasan] KHR خراسان رضوی Mashhad 118,851 4,719,902 5,593,079 5,994,402 6,434,501 6,871,000
Khorāsān-e Shomali [North Khorasan] KHS خراسان شمالی Bojnūrd 28,434 732,646 811,572 867,727 863,092 899,000
Khūzestān [Khoozestan] KHU خوزستان Ahvāz 64,055 3,746,772 4,274,979 4,531,720 4,710,509 4,936,000
Kohkīlūyeh va Boyer Ahmadī [Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad] KBA کهگیلویه و بویراحمد Yāsūj 15,504 544,356 634,299 658,629 713,052 753,000
Kordestān [Kurdistan] KOR کردستان Sanandaj 29,137 1,346,383 1,440,156 1,493,645 1,603,011 1,675,000
Lorestān LOR لرستان Khoram Ābād 28,294 1,584,434 1,716,527 1,754,243 1,760,649 1,801,000
Markazī MAR مرکزی Arāk 29,127 1,228,812 1,351,257 1,413,959 1,429,475 1,478,000
Māzandarān MAZ مازندران Sārī 23,842 2,602,008 2,922,432 3,073,943 3,283,582 3,391,000
Qazvīn QAS قزوین Qazvīn 15,567 968,257 1,143,200 1,201,565 1,273,761 1,336,000
Qom QOM قم Qom 11,526 853,044 1,046,737 1,151,672 1,292,283 1,398,000
Semnān SEM سمنان Semnān 97,491 501,447 589,742 631,218 702,360 764,000
Sīstān va Balūchestān [Sistan & Baluchestan] SBA سیستان و بلوچستان Zāhedān 181,785 1,722,579 2,405,742 2,534,327 2,775,014 3,045,000
Tehrān TEH تهران Tehrān 13,692 10,343,965 11,345,375 12,183,391 13,267,637 13,973,000
Yazd YAZ یزد Yazd 73,477 750,769 924,386 1,004,770 1,138,533 1,236,000
Zanjān ZAN زنجان Zanjān 21,773 900,890 964,601 1,015,734 1,057,461 1,107,000
  • Statistical Centre of Iran (web).

Main Cities by Population in Iran

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Tehran 7,153,309
2 Mashhad 2,307,177
3 Isfahan 1,547,164
4 Karaj 1,448,075
5 Tabriz 1,424,641
6 Shiraz 1,249,942
7 Qom 900,000
8 Ahvaz 841,145
9 Pasragad Branch 787,878
10 Kahriz 766,706
11 Kermanshah 621,100
12 Rasht 594,590
13 Kerman 577,514
14 Orumiyeh 577,307
15 Zahedan 551,980
16 Hamadan 528,256
17 Azadshahr 514,102
18 Arak 503,647
19 Yazd 477,905
20 Ardabil 410,753
21 Abadan 370,180
22 Zanjan 357,471
23 Bandar Abbas 352,173
24 Sanandaj 349,176
# CITY NAME POPULATION
25 Qazvin 333,635
26 Khoramshahr 330,606
27 Khorramabad 329,825
28 Khomeyni Shahr 277,334
29 Sari 255,396
30 Borujerd 251,958
31 Qarchak 251,834
32 Gorgan 244,937
33 Sabzevar 226,183
34 Najafabad 223,450
35 Neyshabur 220,929
36 Nazarabad 213,388
37 Bukan 213,331
38 Sirjan 207,645
39 Babol 202,796
40 Amol 199,382
41 Birjand 196,982
42 Bojnurd 192,041
43 Varamin 179,603
44 Malayer 176,573
45 Saveh 175,533
46 Khowy 175,370
47 Bushehr 165,377
48 Mahabad 162,434
# CITY NAME POPULATION
49 Saqqez 151,237
50 Marvdasht 148,858
51 Rafsanjan 147,680
52 Ilam 140,940
53 Miandoab 132,819
54 Shahrud 131,889
55 Gonbad-e Kavus 131,416
56 Iranshahr 131,232
57 Shahr-e Kord 129,153
58 Torbat-e Heydariyeh 125,633
59 Semnan 124,826
60 Marand 124,191
61 Zabol 121,989
62 Quchan 111,752
63 Masjed Soleyman 111,510
64 Bandar-e Anzali 110,826
65 Baneh 104,799
66 Parsabad 101,661
67 Kuhdasht 100,208
68 Bam 99,268
69 Akbarabad 98,342
70 Fasa 98,061

official religion of Iran

Shia-Islam / Shia - 12 IMAMS:

official religion Shia-Islam

  •  

    1) IMAM ALI IBN ABI TALIB
    • Father: Abu Talib
    • Born: 13th Rajab, 23 BH/595 CE
    • Place of Birth: Inside the Holy Ka’aba, Makkah
    • Kunya: Abu Al-Hassan, Abu Al-Hassanain
    • Period of Imamate: 29 years
    • Death: 21st Ramadan, 40 AH/661 CE
    • Age of martyrdom: 63
    • Buried: Najaf, Iraq

  • 2) IMAM AL-HASSAN

    • Mother: Fatimah bint Muhammad
    • Father: Ali Ibn Abu Talib
    • Born: 15th Ramadhan, 2 AH/624 CE
    • Place of Birth: Madinah
    • Kunya: Abu Muhammad
    • Period of Imamate: 9 years
    • Death: 7th Safar, 50 AH/670 CE
    • Age of martyrdom: 48
    • Buried: Baqi’, Madinah

    3) IMAM AL-HUSSAIN

    • Titles: Sayyid al-Shuhada (the Master of Martyrs)
    • Mother: Fatimah bint Muhammad
    • Father: Ali Ibn Abu Talib
    • Born: 3rd Shaban, 3 AH/626 CE
    • Place of Birth: Madinah
    • Kunya: Aba Abd Allah
    • Period of Imamate: 10 years
    • Death: 10th Muharram, 61 AH/680 CE
    • Age of martyrdom: 57
    • Buried: Karbala, Iraq

    4) IMAM AL-SAJJAD

    • Titles: Zayn al-Abideen, Sayyid al-Sajjadeen
    • Mother: Shahrbanu
    • Father: Hussain ibn Ali
    • Born: 5th Shaban, 38 AH/659 CE
    • Place of Birth: Makkah
    • Kunya: Abu al-Hassan
    • Period of Imamate: 10 years
    • Death: 25th Muharram, 95 AH/713 CE
    • Age of martyrdom: 57
    • Buried: al-Baqi’, Madinah

    5) IMAM MUHAMMAD AL-BAQIR

    • Titles: al-Baqir (Splitter of Knowledge)
    • Mother: Fatimah bint al-Hasan
    • Father: Ali ibn Hussain
    • Born: 1st Rajab, 57 AH/676 CE
    • Place of Birth: Madinah
    • Kunya: Abu Ja’far
    • Period of Imamate: 19 years
    • Death: 7th Dhul-Hijjah, 114 AH/733 CE
    • Age of martyrdom: 57
    • Buried: al-Baqi’, Madinah

    6) IMAM JAFFAR AL-SADIQ

    • Titles: Al-Sadiq (Truthful one)
    • Mother: Ummu Farwah
    • Father: Muhammad Al-Baqir
    • Born: 17th Rabi’ al-Awwal, 83 AH/702 CE
    • Place of Birth: Madinah
    • Kunya: Abu Abdullah, Abu Musa
    • Period of Imamate: 32 years
    • Death: 25th Shawwal, 148 AH/765 CE
    • Age of martyrdom: 63
    • Buried: al-Baqi’, Madinah

official religion Shia-Islam

 

  • 7) IMAM MUSA AL-KADHIM

    • Titles: al-Kadhim); Bab al-Hawa’ij
    • Mother: Hamidah al-Barbariyyah
    • Father: Ja’far al-Sadiq
    • Born: 7th Safar, 128 AH/745 CE
    • Place of Birth: Madinah
    • Kunya: Abu al-Hassan
    • Period of Imamate: 32 years
    • Death: 25th Rajab, 183 AH/7991 CE
    • Age of martyrdom: 55
    • Buried: Kadhmayn Baghdad, Iraq

    8) IMAM ALI AL-RIDHA/REZA

    • Titles: Al-Ridha
    • Mother: Umm al-Baneen Najmah
    • Father: Ali ibn Musa al-Ridha
    • Born: 11th Dhul-Qa’dah, 148 AH/765 CE
    • Place of Birth: Madinah
    • Kunya: Abu al-Hassan
    • Period of Imamate: 20 years
    • Death: 17th Safar, 203 AH/818 CE
    • Age of martyrdom: 55
    • Buried: Mashhad, Iran

    9) IMAM TAQI AL-JAWAD

    • Titles: al-Taqi , al-Jawad
    • Mother: Khaizoran
    • Father: Ali Al-Ridha
    • Born: 10th Rajab, 195 AH/811 CE
    • Place of Birth: Madinah
    • Kunya: Abu Ja’far, al-Thani (the Second); Ibn al-Ridha
    • Period of Imamate: 17 years
    • Death: 30th Dhil-Qa’dah, 220 AH/835 CE
    • Age of martyrdom: 25
    • Buried: Kadhmayn Baghdad, Iraq

    10) IMAM ALI AL-HADI

    • Titles: al-Hadi , al-Naqi
    • Mother: Summana Khatun
    • Father: Muhammad ibn Ali al-Jawad
    • Born: 2nd Rajab, 212 AH/827 CE
    • Place of Birth: Madinah
    • Kunya: Abu al-Hassan
    • Period of Imamate: 34 years
    • Death: 3rd Rajab, 254 AH/868 CE
    • Age of martyrdom: 42
    • Buried: Samarra, Iraq

    11) IMAM HASSAN Al-ASKARI

    • Titles: al-Askari
    • Mother: Hudayth / Sousan / Sulayl
    • Father: Ali ibn Muhammad al-Hadi al-Naqi
    • Born: 8th Rabi’ al-Thani, 232 AH/846 CE
    • Place of Birth: Madinah
    • Kunya: Abu Muhammad, Ibn al-Ridha
    • Period of Imamate: 6 years
    • Death: 8th, Rabi’ al-Awwal, 260 AH/874 CE
    • Age of martyrdom: 28
    • Buried: Samarra, Iraq

    12) IMAM AL-MAHDI

    • Titles: al-Mahdi, al-Hujjat ibn al-Hassan, al-Muntadhar (the Awaited)
    • Mother: Narjis Khatoun
    • Father: Hassan ibn Ali (al-Askari)
    • Born: 15th Sha’ban, 255 AH/869 CE
    • Place of Birth: Samarra, Iraq
    • Kunya: Abu Salih (The Most Pious One)

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